The heart failure state where your heart isn't able to supply enough blood to meet the demands of your body. Some of the symptoms include breathlessness as well as a dry and snorting cough and swelling, weight gain and fatigue.
Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to provide enough oxygen and blood to support the other organs of your body. The heart is in a grave issue however it doesn't necessarily mean that your heart is no longer running. While it is an extremely serious condition however, it isn't an end-of-life sentence and the treatment options are now more effective than ever before.
In this situation when this happens, fluid and blood could be reabsorbed into the lung (congestive heart failure) as well as certain areas of the body aren't getting enough oxygen-rich blood to function normally. This can lead to signs of heart failure.
Heart failure is caused when the heart muscle gets weak or fails to function normally. In the case of heart failure, Ejection Fraction (EF) refers to a percentage that tells us what the heart's squeezing rate is (normal is between 55-70 percent). If your heart's not "squeezing" well to get enough blood into your body, it's heart failure that has a low ejection fraction (EF > 40 percent). If your heart doesn't "relax" to fill with enough blood in between contractions, you've got heart failure that has preserved the ejection fraction (EF greater than 50 percentage). The weakening of the heart muscle and damage is commonly referred to as cardiomyopathy which literally refers to "heart muscle disease."
A heart attack in United States
- Based on the Centers for Disease Control, approximately 6.2 million adults living in the United States have heart failure.
- Heart failure can be costly. The majority of the costs are caused by hospitalizations. If you take the right medications and are involved in your treatment avoidable hospitalizations can be prevented.
Heart failure can interfere with kidneys' normal function of elimination of excess sodium and other toxic substances out of the body. When a patient suffers from congestive heart failure, the body stores more fluid, however, the majority of patients with heart failure do not keep fluid. These are the signs for heart problems:
- Breathlessness during everyday routine.
- A shortness of breath while asleep or lying down.
- The swelling of the legs, feet and ankles or stomach.
- Feeling tired or weak.
What is the cause of heart failure?
Heart failure is typically due to other causes including atherosclerosis or Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) or heart attack and high blood pressure heart valve issues, your genetics, or drinking or using drugs. Sometimes, the damage is caused by unknown reasons. This is known as idiopathic cardiac myopathy (idiopathic is "no known cause") and many who suffer from this discover that heart failure is prevalent within their families.
Heart failure risk factors
Undiagnosed health conditions or not treated can increase the chance of developing heart failure. A few of these conditions include:
- Heart disease called Coronary (the most commonly encountered kind of heart condition) as well as heart attacks
- High blood pressure
In addition, unhealthy habits can increase the risk of heart disease, particularly those with one of the illnesses mentioned above. These unhealthy behaviors include:
- Smoking cigarettes or using tobacco
- The use of illegal drugs such as methamphetamines, or even an excessive drinking of alcohol
- Foods that are high in cholesterol, fats and sodium
- Insufficient physical exercise
The early diagnosis as well as treatment could enhance the quality and duration of life of those suffering from heart failure. Treatment typically involves taking medication and engaging in regular physical activity and reducing sodium or salt you consume in your daily diet. Patients with heart failure have to keep track of their weight and other symptoms every day in order to discuss their signs with their healthcare team.
The management of heart failure is an method that could enhance your heart's function and reduce the symptoms and prolong your life. The method combines a variety of treatments which include lifestyle changes medication, as well as interventions for your heart.
The past two years have been very exciting finding newer medicines that we can provide to patients who have a weak heart muscle. They are in addition to the other tested medications that are proven to assist in improving the functioning of the heart in many people, cut down on hospitalizations, and help people who suffer from heart failure.
The newer combination drug known as Sacubitril-Valsartan (called an ARNI or ARB and an Neprilysin Inhibitor) has been researched and has been shown to improve outcomes for patients suffering from a weak heart muscle, when it is used in conjunction with medicines such as Lisinopril (an an ACE-inhibitor) and losartan (an ARB, also known as an Angiotensin Receptor Blocker). Another medication commonly used for treating patients suffering from diabetes is Dapagliflozin (a Gliflozin), has been found to improve the outcomes of those with heart muscle that is not affected by diabetes when combined with other drugs. If you have an enlarged heart muscle ejection fraction (EF> 40 percent) the Quadruple Therapy is the best option:
- An ACE Inhibitor, ARB or ARNI
- The Beta Blocker (carvedilol or metoprolol succinate)
- A Aldosterone antagonist (spironolactone or eplerenone)
- An SGLT2 Inhibitor (dapagliflozin)
Patients suffering from heart problems may require procedures or surgery to clear blocked arteries in the heart and open-heart surgery. The valves in their heart may need to be replaced or repaired. A lot of patients require procedures to reduce the irregularities in heart rhythm. Patients with advanced heart failure may require an organ transplant or a mechanical heart pump.
Heart failure and living with it
Five things patients diagnosed with heart failure must to accomplish each day at home to treat their heart problems. This MAWDS acronym can aid you in remembering and followthese steps in order:
- Medical Treatment: Take your medications according to the prescriptions of your doctor and your heart care team. inform them if you do not like your medications and ensure that you're not running out of them.
- Activity Be active each day, and do all you can to maintain your body's strength.
- The weight of the person: Weigh yourself each day, and note when fluctuations in your weight indicate that you're conserving more fluid.
- Diet Be sure to follow your diet by eating a diet with low salt (less than 2 grams daily) and limit the amount of fluid consumed (less than 2 liters daily).
- Signs and symptoms: Recognize your symptoms and know when you should call to get help.